SCM of India became second largest in membership and vibrant in local, regional and national activities. This movement played significant role in freedom struggle in 40’s and protested against central control in 70’s. Over 40 full time staff working in national office in Bangalore and regions to promote SCM work in hundred colleges and universities branches, focusing on social justice, peace and creation including gender, dalit, indigenous people, human rights, ecological concerns and biblical and theological foundation for social gospel. SCM India contributed dynamic leadership to the ecumenical movement, Dr. M. M. Thomas the distinguish theologian is one among them.
The SCMs in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Bangladesh and Myanmar have common origin. Members from academic community, theological and church leaders from undivided India and Ceylon come together to start Student Christian Association of India and Ceylon in 1912 in Serampore, West Bengal. Though Myanmar (Burma) was joined in the movement in 1920, due to political changes towards separate nationhood in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India and Myanmar formed their own autonomous movements.
The SCM Seeks to be a student community which enables students:
to initiate, facilitate and co-ordinate programmes for:
The Word of God, revealed in the Bible, active in history and witnessed to by the Holy Spirit.
|Capital||name: New Delhi
geographic coordinates: 28 36 N, 77 12 E
time difference: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
|Population||1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est.)|
|Location||Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan|
|Area||total: 3,287,590 sq km
land: 2,973,190 sq km
water: 314,400 sq km
|Ethnic groups||Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)|
|Religions||Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)|
|Languages||Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% note: English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)|
|Government type||federal republic|
|National holiday||Republic Day, 26 January (1950)|
|Constitution||26 January 1950; amended many times|
|Legal system||based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus|
|Internet country code||.in|
Country information and map source: www.country-details.com